Who Founded Google? Know the Complete History
Google the most popular search engine which is now synonymous with the World Wide Web has an amazing history. While using Google every single day, ever wondered Who Founded Google? and What is the history of Google?
If I ask ”When was the last time that you searched anything on Google?” Not long ago, right?
There’s no doubt that Google is one of the greatest discoveries in the history of the internet. It is not that Google is the first of its kind, search engines have been around since the early days of the internet. But Google, which was relatively a latecomer, and becomes the final destination for almost every search.
The Google search engine processes more than 40,000 search queries every second which means 3.5 billion searches per day and typically 1.2 trillion searches per year.
Read this post to know the history of Google and Who Founded Google– right from its inception till today. Let’s begin:
Who Founded Google and Where the History of Google Began?
The answer to Who Founded Google is Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The History of Google begins in 1995 when Larry Page and Sergey Brin met at Stanford University. When Sergey Brin, a Ph.D. student at the university, was asked to give Larry Page a tour of the university as the latter was considering Stanford for his grad studies. By any statement, they disagreed about nearly everything during that first meeting, While their first meeting was nothing as expected but by the following year, they struck a partnership.
By 1996, Sergey and Larry were already working on a search engine that used links to determine the importance of individual pages on the World Wide Web. They named it Backrub. The name was derived from the algorithm backlinks as an important factor while ranking individual pages. Initially, the engine ran on Stanford servers, but regularly started clogging up much space and as a result, Backrub was renamed and registered at Google.com on September 15th, 1997. The word Google is basically a play on the word Googol-a mathematical term for number 1 with 100 zeroes. The Duo said that they chose this name as it perfectly reflected their mission of organizing the infinite amount of information available on the internet.
From Google to Google Inc.– How Google was founded?
Google started the journey of popularity as a search engine from Silicon Valley. In August 1998, Andy Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun. A faculty from Stanford University met Bechtolsheim at his home in Palo Alto and showed him a demo of Google. He was so impressed with the idea that he immediately handed over a check of $100,000 in the name of Google Inc. to Larry Page and Sergey Brin, who founded Google. The afresh team decided to move out of the dorm rooms to their first office, which happened to be a garage in suburban Menlo Park, California. Ironically, the present CEO of YouTube – Susan Wojcicki, was the owner of that garage.
However, there was a small problem in depositing this check. There was no registered entity as Google Inc. Bechtolsheim’s check sat idle in a desk drawer for 2 weeks while Larry and Sergey started working on registering Google Inc. Finally, on 4th September 1998, Google was incorporated as a private company. They opened a bank account in the name of Google Inc. and deposited Bechtolsheim’s check. Simultaneously, they also started searching for new investors.
Growing from strength to strength
Even in the beginning, things were unconventional: from Google’s initial server (made of Lego) to the first ‘Doodle’ in 1998: a stick figure in the logo announcing to site visitors that the entire staff was playing hooky at the Burning Man Festival. Since then, the Doodle is regularly updated to new themes and celebrations.
In February 1999, Google again relocated to another office in the neighboring city of Palo Alto.
But where was Google Inc. located?
Well, In 2001, Google opened its first international office in Tokyo, and then three years later, it moved to a new headquarters along with over 800 employees. The headquarters is what we know as Googleplex today.
Google Fact: Google since 2010, has been acquiring on average at least one company every week.
From here, there was certainly no looking back for the company. It went on to launch new services and products primarily focused on end-users. This included the launch of the Gmail service. The company also held its first IPO (initial public offering) which helped them raise $1.67 billion, valuing the company at $23 million. (Exactly a decade later in 2014, the company’s market capitalization value at $390 billion).
The Lone Search Engine Monarch
The reason why Yahoo refuse the offer was Google’s terrific growth between 2000-2001. In 2000, Google first implemented MentalPlex, its predictive search text, which enabled it to be a part of the popular April Fools day hoaxes in Silicon Valley.
This was followed by multilingualism, doodle series, the launch of Google AdWords, Google plugin which allowed users to search without opening the Google homepage, and Google toolbar. Overall, it was a highly productive year for Google. But 2001 was even better.
Deja.com with its archive of more than 500 million user discussions dating back to the early 1990s was the first company that Google acquired in 2001. This was followed by the launch of Google Images. In the same year, Google also launched its first international office in the heart of Tokyo. By the end of 2001, Google also released the first “Zeitgeist”, a list of things people search for throughout the previous year. Surprisingly, this tradition still continues.
By the time 2002 arrived, Google had already started working with the Google Search engine to help businesses. Cost-per-click was now the part of Google Adwords. In the same year, Google also opens a new office in Australia and Google Labs was born as well.
Then in 2003, it announced AdSense after acquiring Pyra Labs. The expansion of Google was as such that its offices filled up faster than imagined. There were so many employees in Google offices around 2002-03 that one could only stand up from their desk when others tuck in their chairs first.
Google Fact: The first Google computer storage was actually made with Legos.
When 2004 began, Google already had more than 800 employees in its Palo Alto head office. The rising crowd of employees made the founders of Google move to a new office, Googleplex, in Mountainview, California which is now Google’s home.
After moving to this new office, Google first launched Gmail and then acquired Picasa. Google then continued to grow, acquire new companies, launch new products and services, and turn into one of the largest technology companies in the world.
Enter Sundar Pichai
The success of Google is a bright amalgamation of the success stories of a number of individuals. Apart from Larry and Sergey, another prominent one of Sundar Pichai’s success story. The India-born business executive who is currently the CEO of Google joined Google in 2004 as the Vice President of Product Management where his team worked on Chrome, Google’s native web browser.
Before joining Google, Pichai worked as an engineer at Applied Materials and then as a Consultant at McKinsey & Company. An M.S. graduate from Stanford University, Pichai quickly proved his mettle at Google and began receiving more responsibility for products like Google Toolbar, Google Gears and Gadgets, and Desktop Search.
In 2012, Pichai also added the Google Apps division under his portfolio when Dave Girouard, the head of the Apps department left Google to launch Upstart. After a year, Pichai was made the head of Android when Andy Rubin, the CEO, and co-founder of Android step down in 2013.
Then in 2014, Larry Page steps down as the CEO of Google to head Alphabet Inc., the parent company of Google and Sergey Brin became the President of Alphabet Inc. The press release from Larry Page where he announces Sundar Pichai new CEO of Google.
Growing from strength to strength
Google went on to become the planet’s most popular search engine. Even the word Google includes in the lexicon as a verb which means to search something on the world wide web.
Google now offers over 50 internet services and products – email, cloud storage, cloud computing platform, mobile phones, and even tablet computers.
Google Fact: On typing Google Mirror, you can see a rotated version of Google. There are many other hidden fun tricks like a 360-degree barrel roll, Google terminal, underwater, zero gravity, playing guitar, Pacman, etc. that make searching all the more fun!
From 2005, Google kept launching new strings of services – Google Maps and Google Analytics; Google Calendar and Google Translate in 2006; its mobile operating system Android in 2007 and Google Chrome – its web browser in 2008. Between these years, the company also acquired a number of businesses, this includes the acquisition of YouTube in 2006. The size and broad product portfolio, helped Google being recognized among the most influential companies in the tech marketplace along with other big names like Apple, IBM, and Microsoft.
A Quick Look at the History of Google since 1995
1995: The year when Larry Page and Sergey Brin first met at Stanford University.
1996: Both Larry and Sergey decided to collaborate on a project named Backrub – analyzing website backlinks for relevance. This year marked the release of the first version of Google on the university website.
1997: Google.com is born officially.
1998: Google Inc. (still unincorporated) gets its first investment of $ 100,000 by Andy Bechtolsheim – co-founded Sun Microsystems. The company also moves out from the university dorm room to a garage in Silicon Valley. Google finally gets incorporate on September 4th but its birthday celebrates on September 27th.
1999: Google relocates to another office along with eight employees. The company also arranges venture capital worth $25M.
2000: Google.com releases its 10 language versions: German, French, Danish, Swedish, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Norwegian, Spanish and Finnish.
2001: Google buys Deja.com’s Usenet Discussion Service as its first public acquisition.
2002: Official Launch of Google News with around 4,000 sources.
2003: Google buys Pyra Labs – creators of bloggers.
2004: Google becomes public with IPO valuing at $85 per share. Gmail services were launched.
2005: Launch of Google Earth, Google Maps and Google Talk.
2006: Google in China. It also acquires the video-sharing site YouTube. The launch of Google Apps or what we know as the G Suite.
2007: Acquires online advertising company – DoubleClick.
2008: New partnership announcement with Yahoo. The launch of a new web browser – Google Chrome.
2009: Sergey Brin and Larry Page were rank fifth amongst most powerful people, worldwide.
2010: Google gets into the mobile market with its first Android phone – Nexus One.
2011: Google launches Google +1. Larry Page takes over as CEO. The release of Google Cloud Platform.
2012: Google introduces a new project – Project Glass. It also launches Google Drive and Google Play.
2013: Google launches its chat platform – Hangouts. Chromecast.
2014: Google buys Nest – manufacturer of Wi-Fi enabled automated thermostats, smoke detector systems, and other security systems.
2015: Google announces reorganizing as a holding company called – Alphabet. Larry took a role as the CEO of Alphabet, while Sundar Pichai is the new CEO of Google.
2016: Google launches deep learning courses at Udacity. Google’s parent company Alphabet; gets ahead of Apple as the world’s most valuable company with a total worth of $568 billion.
Google undoubtedly has evolved a lot to become what it is today. We hope the write-up makes you know the history of Google from A to Z.
The Show Must Go On
The relentless search for better answers continues to be at the core of everything we do. Today, with more than 60,000 employees in 50 different countries, Google makes hundreds of products used by billions of people across the globe, from YouTube and Android to Smartbox and, of course, Google Search. Although we’ve ditched the Lego servers and added just a few more company dogs our passion for building technology for everyone has stayed with us – from the dorm room to the garage and to this very day.
While this post on History of Google and Who Founded Google has come to an end, the company is still expanding aggressively and is also one of the best companies to work for. It is also one of the few companies that are still striving to achieve their initial mission of organizing the infinite amount of information available on the internet.